These are the kinds and examples of the figures of speech
Using the figures of speech is a part of the English language that are considered to be literary tools.
This part is defined as a word or group of words that possess a different meaning from the literal definition.
Here are the kinds of figures of speech:
It is the repetition of the beginning sounds of neighboring words.
- Blue baby bonnets bobbed through the bayou.
- Nick needed new notebooks.
- Fred fried frogs’ legs on Friday.
It is technique where several phrases or verses begin with the same word or words.
- I came, I saw, I conquered. – Julius Caesar
- It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness. – A Tale of Two Cities, Charles Dickins
- With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right – Abraham Lincoln
It is the repetition of vowel sounds (not just letters) in words that are close together but the sound it may not at the beginning of the word.
- A – For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore. (Poe)
- E – Therefore, all seasons shall be sweet to thee. (Coleridge)
- I – From what I’ve tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire. (Frost)
- O – Oh hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn. (Wordsworth)
- U – Uncertain rustling of each purple curtain (Poe)
It is a mild, indirect, or vague term that is often used as a replacement to a harsh, vulgar or offensive term.
- “Economical with the truth” instead of using the word “liar”
- “A little thin on top” instead of saying that a person is “going bald”
- “Letting you go” instead of using the phrase “firing you”
This simply means exaggeration.
- I could do this forever.
- She’s older than dirt.
- I’ve told you to stop a thousand times.
It is used to mark contrast between what is said and what is meant, or between appearance and reality.
- The Titanic was said to be unsinkable but sank on its first voyage. (Situational irony)
- Naming a tiny Chihuahua Brutus. (Verbal irony)
- When the audience knows the killer is hiding in a closet in a scary movie, but the actors do not. (Dramatic irony)
It is used to compare two unlike things or ideas.
- Time is money
- The world is a stage
- She’s a night owl
It is a word that sounds like what it is describing.
It is a technique of using together two contradicting terms.
- Jumbo shrimp
- Sweet sorrow
- Free market
It is used to associate human qualities to non-living things or ideas.
- The fog crept in.
- The flowers nodded.
- The fog crept in.
It is used to compare two unlike things using “like” and “as”.
- As blind as a bat
- Eats like a pig
- As wise as an owl
It is a technique using a part to represent a whole or the other way around.
- Wheels – a car
- The police – one policeman
- Plastic – credit cards
It is used to lessen the importance and seriousness of something.
- It stings a bit – referring to a serious wound or injury.
- It’s just a scratch – referring to a large dent.
- The weather is cooler today – referring to sub-zero temperatures.
Can you now used these figures of speech in your sentences?